Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of disease. About 90% of all patients suffer from it. If the doctor’s recommendations are followed, the patient can be a full and happy life, however, even with the normal course of a disease, unpleasant, and sometimes deadly, complications can occur. To prevent them, it is necessary not to stop taking the prescribed drugs, as well as monitor the level of glucose in the blood and, in case of sharp fluctuations, immediately inform your doctor. We will tell you only the facts and truth about this effective and safe medication, which experts often prescribe as maintenance therapy. It is called Glucotrol.
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Glucotrol is a synthetic hypoglycemic drug. The drug is effective in treating type 2 diabetes and maintaining a stable glucose level. The active substance acts on the pancreas of the patient, as a result, insulin secretion increases naturally. Glucotrol is perfect for both people suffering from obesity, and for patients without extra pounds. Endocrinologists prescribe this medicine as an adjunct therapy to the diabetic diet and exercise. The principle of Glucotrol is that it lowers blood sugar and helps maintain it in the normal range with prolonged use.
When should you not take the drug?
Despite its effectiveness and safety, Glucotrol has several contraindications that should be considered during use. You should not use the drug if you have the following symptoms or disorders:
- Severe hepatic or renal failure
- Gastrointestinal diseases, leading to a change in the residence time of the drug in the intestine
- Insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1)
- Persons under the age of 18
If you have these problems, it is better to refuse to take Glucotrol, otherwise, additional difficulties may arise. It is very important to inform your healthcare provider about all chronic and other diabetes-related illnesses.
Particular attention should be paid to women during pregnancy because blood glucose levels will vary depending on the trimester. During this period, you should carefully follow the recommendations of your doctor.
Taking Glucotrol while breastfeeding also retains certain risks. Through milk, the medicine acts on the child, lowering his sugar level, and therefore hypoglycemia can occur. Only an endocrinologist will be able to prescribe or cancel Glucotrol in this situation. Self-medication is unacceptable.
What is the dosage form?
Pfizer produces the drug in the form of white-coated tablets. On one side of the tablet is the volume of the active substance (5 mg or 10 mg). Glucotrol has several types of packaging. The first is a plastic bottle with 30 tablets inside. The second one is a classic cardboard box in which there are blisters with Glucotrol. The number of tablets may vary.
Composition of Glucotrol
The main active ingredient is Glipizide. It is in an amount of 5 mg or 10 mg in each tablet. In addition to the active substance, the preparation includes auxiliary components that provide absorption of Glucotrol inside the body.
Dosage and Administration
The patient should follow the recommendations of his attending physician to get the maximum effectiveness from using the medicine and not to get an overdose. In any case, Glipizide should be taken with a minimum daily dosage of 5 mg. Take Glucotrol 30 minutes before breakfast orally with plenty of water. Next, you should analyze the blood sugar level to further increase the dosage. Endocrinologists increase the dose gradually, at 2.5 – 5 mg per day. It all depends on the individual tolerance of the drug and the level of glucose in the blood. The maximum daily dosage is 40 mg. It should be divided into several receptions during the day 30 minutes before a meal. If for any reason you missed Glucotrol, you should not double the dose during the next use. Do not forget that the maximum single dose is 15 mg. Follow these rules and your doctor’s instructions to avoid symptoms of overdose or hypoglycemia.
What are the side effects?
Endocrinologists note that Glipizide is a safe Glucotrol for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is suitable for many patients and helps maintain a stable glucose level. Nevertheless, with an overdose, personal intolerance to the components or in the case of admission, despite the contraindications, the following symptoms may occur:
- Skin rash
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Discomfort in the epigastric region
- Toxic hepatitis
- Weight gain
These are the most common adverse effects that occur in patients during the treatment of type 2 diabetes. If you experience similar symptoms while taking Glipizide, discontinue the use of the medicine immediately. Consult your healthcare provider. He will replace the drug with another, or adjust the daily dosage.
Interaction with other medicines
Glipizide actively interacts with other drugs. Such a combination can both increase and decrease the hypoglycemic properties of Glucotrol. Therefore, take issue seriously and tell your doctor about all the drugs you are taking. Only he can give a correct assessment of the possibility of sharing various drugs.
Experts recommend storing Glipizide in a dry, dark place inaccessible to children at a temperature of no higher than +30 degrees Celsius. Under the right storage conditions, the shelf life of the medicine is 3 years from the date of release. It is worth noting that doctors forbid taking Glucotrol after the expiration date since it will no longer help the patient, but only harm his health.