Empagliflozin review: composition, dosage and side effects

Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, vascular lesions, diabetic neuropathy, and diabetic foot are just a few of the dangerous complications that diabetes causes. High blood sugar leads to irreversible effects throughout the body. A modern lifestyle leads to the rapid development of the disease and its spread throughout the world. Often people do not notice the first symptoms of the disorder, as they are easily confused with a simple malaise. Modern medicine knows how to stop the development of dangerous complications of diabetes. For this purpose, endocrinologists use various techniques and drugs. Today, in our Empagliflozin review, we take a detailed look at all the benefits of this excellent type 2 diabetes medication.

Who should take Empagliflozin?

Empagliflozin is a hypoglycemic drug. It aims to lower blood glucose in type 2 diabetes. Endocrinologists prescribe the drug as monotherapy with an already prescribed diabetic diet and light exercise. If treatment does not help stabilize sugar levels, Empagliflozin can be used in conjunction with other hypoglycemic drugs, such as insulin. Of course, in this case, the patient should continue to eat properly and perform the prescribed exercises.

Empagliflozin acts on the kidneys, decreasing glucose absorption. Thanks to this, the body begins to excrete it during urination in a natural way. Over time, the sugar level stabilizes and returns to the desired interval. Empagliflozin is an effective and safe medicine. However, it is sold only through a doctor’s prescription.

What are the components of the medicine?

The main active ingredient of the drug is Empagliflozin. In addition to it, the tablet also includes other auxiliary components, for example:

  • Silicon dioxide
  • Magnesium stearate
  • Croscarmellose sodium
  • Hyprolose

These are non-toxic and completely safe ingredients. Together, they form an effective tool used to control type 2 diabetes.

The dosage form

The company produces Empagliflozin in the form of biconvex tablets, coated with a light yellow shell. There are 2 types of dosage – 10 mg and 25 mg. Each tablet contains an engraving that indicates the amount of active substance. Tablets are packaged in blisters and packed in cardboard boxes of 30 pcs.

Dosage and Administration of Empagliflozin

Endocrinologists recommend starting Empagliflozin with a minimum dosage of 10 mg. If during treatment the glucose level does not return to the prescribed range, then the dosage of the drug should be increased to 25 mg. The medicine has good bioavailability, which is more than 80%. The active substance begins to affect the body a few hours after use.

The drug should be taken orally and washed down with a large amount of water. You can use the medicine at any time, regardless of the meal. The process of absorption will not suffer from this. If for some reason you missed taking the drug, then you should use Empagliflozin as soon as possible, since, with a decrease in the active substance in the blood, the glucose level rises.

Endocrinologists prohibit the use of alcohol during treatment, as it can affect the hypoglycemic properties of the drug. Moreover, the patient should not exceed the maximum daily dosage of 25 mg, otherwise, corresponding side effects may occur.

What are the contraindications?

Empagliflozin is widely used by endocrinologists to treat type 2 diabetes. It is effective, safe and suitable for many patients. However, medicine has some contraindications that prohibit its use. For example:

  • Acute renal failure
  • Intolerance to the ingredients of the drug
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Lactation
  • The medicine is contraindicated in children under 18 and people over 85 years old

Be sure to tell the endocrinologist if you have any chronic illness. A specialist will find out how Empagliflozin will affect your health and make appropriate recommendations.

Side effects

Numerous clinical studies have shown that Empagliflozin is low toxic and does not cause dangerous side effects. However, with an overdose or individual sensitivity to the drug, the following effects may occur:

  • Skin rash
  • Itching
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Vaginal candidiasis
  • Hypovolemia

At the first sign of these symptoms, you should immediately stop taking the medicine and consult your doctor. The endocrinologist will be able to determine the cause of the side effects and prescribe a new dosage or drug.

Interaction with other medicines

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Empagliflozin actively interacts with other medicines. When used together, both enhancements and weakenings of the beneficial properties of the drugs are observed. Therefore, do not take new medicines without additional consultation with your doctor. Otherwise, you can seriously harm your health.

How to store Empagliflozin?

According to the instructions, the tablets should be stored in a dry, dark place at a temperature of up to 30 degrees Celsius. Children should not have access to the drug. If all the rules are followed, the shelf life of the medicine is 3 years. Doctors prohibit taking Empagliflozin after the expiration date.

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