Diabetic diet: guidelines for healthy eating

Diabetes is a serious disease of our time. According to statistics, every tenth inhabitant of the planet suffers from it. Diabetes is dangerous for its complications, which can be fatal. Nevertheless, if the patient follows the recommendations of the attending physician, then he can lead a normal lifestyle. A special diet called a diabetic diet has an important role to normalize and maintain the patient’s body. Let us consider in more detail the specifics of this food.

The cause of diabetes is the absence of the insulin hormone. As a result, body cells stop receiving glucose. It accumulates and increases the level of sugar in the body. Therefore, the right diet is very important in the treatment, as it helps a natural way to reduce the level of substances hazardous to the patient.

What is a diabetic diet?

A diabetic diet is an individually designed daily diet, which is aimed at maintaining a normal level of sugar in the blood of the patient. The correct diabetic menu is very important for people with type 1 diabetes, as non-compliance can lead to coma or even death. For patients with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, a balanced diet is primarily aimed at reducing overweight and slowing the development of the disorder. Depending on the type of disease, the diet will be different from each other. Doctors prescribe a prediabetic diet in the early stages of the pathology development.

What are the general principles of good nutrition?

When compiling a diabetic menu, doctors are guided by rules that have proven to be effective. Patients should follow a diabetic diet if they want to stop the development of the disease and prevent serious consequences, such as:

  • Fractional diet. A person should eat 5-6 times a day
  • Diet. The body copes better with glucose if the food comes every day at the same time
  • Maintaining the required amount of fluid in the body. A person should drink about 1.5 liters of water per day
  • Replacing the thermal method of cooking with boiling and heat treatment
  • Reduced carbohydrate intake. Thus, the amount of glucose entering the body is reduced
  • Complex carbohydrates replace fast ones. This helps prevent a spike in blood sugar
  • The patient should consume most carbohydrates in the morning
  • Fiber intake should be increased. It nourishes cells with energy and cleanses the body

In addition to these simple rules, there is a difference between the forms of the disease and the allowed/forbidden foods. Specialists draw up a specific menu for each type of disorder, taking into account the characteristics of the pathology development in the patient. Let’s consider these diabetic menus in more detail.

Prediabetic diet

The pre-diabetic condition is characterized by a slight increase in blood sugar, when it is above the standard level, but still low for the diagnosis of diabetes. In this case, the prediabetic diet is the main treatment for the patient. It is aimed primarily at normalizing the pancreas and burning extra pounds. A diabetic diet plan can only be made by a healthcare professional. Nevertheless, each patient should know well which food can be consumed and which not.

The diabetic plan includes the following healthy foods:

  • vegetables (corn, legumes, and potatoes should be consumed in moderation)
  • various cereals
  • fruits (eat in moderation)
  • pasta
  • fish
  • lean meat
  • dairy products (only with a low percentage of fat content)

A person should exclude the following products from a prediabetic diet:

  • fat meat
  • smoked food
  • candies
  • biscuits
  • chocolate
  • olive and sunflower oils
  • dairy products with a high percentage of fat content

The main thing in a prediabetic diet is a varied menu. The body must receive all the necessary beneficial elements from food. Compliance with the diabetic menu and all the recommendations of a doctor will help a person avoid serious health problems in the future.

Diabetic menu for type 1 diabetes

The diabetic menu, in contrast to the prediabetic diet, aims to equalize the number of carbohydrates taken per day to the administered insulin. The hormone should break down the incoming sugar. Only in this case, the patient will feel good. Protein foods, complex carbohydrates, and vegetables are the foundation of the diabetic plan. At the same time, doctors are trying to draw up a diverse nutrition plan with a large number of minerals and vitamins.

They recommend the following foods:

  • vegetables
  • porridge: pearl barley, oatmeal, buckwheat, and so on
  • meat
  • fish
  • eggs
  • bread made from wholemeal flour
  • various dairy products with low-fat content
  • fruits in small quantities

A patient with type 1 diabetes should exclude the following products from his diet:

  • carbonated drinks
  • unnatural juices
  • various sweets
  • butter products
  • high-fat dairy products

The weekly diabetic meal plan should contain the foods recommended above. They feed the starving cells with the necessary elements. Besides, such a diet supports the functioning of the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetic diet

It’s the most common form of the disease. First of all, the disease develops due to overweight. Therefore, a diabetic diet along with physical exercises are aimed at regulating excess weight and its gradual reduction. By basic principles, it resembles a prediabetic diet. A proper diet must contain the following foods:

  • vegetables (except potatoes)
  • fish
  • lean meat
  • milk, cottage cheese and other dairy products with a low percentage of fats
  • sour fruits

The patient should refuse the following meal:

  • fat meat
  • eggs
  • cheese
  • smoked, fried, salted products
  • carbonated drinks
  • sweet juices
  • various sweets
  • fast food
  • dairy products with a low percentage of fats
  • high-fat dairy products

Specialists create a diabetic menu in such a way as to keep the body under control, without sudden surges of glucose in the blood. Doctors recommend adding foods that contain dietary fiber to the diet. Thanks to them, fat absorption is reduced. Doctors note a decrease in sugar concentration. The main difficulty in maintaining proper nutrition for any form of diabetes is the patient’s desire. After all, not every person can abandon his favorite foods that he ate throughout his life. It is worth remembering that a diagnosis of diabetes is not a sentence. A prediabetic diet is the first treatment for the disease. This does not mean that the diet will be poor. Quite the contrary, the patient should not starve. The main thing is to observe the diabetic menu prescribed by the attending physician, and the disease will weaken its negative impact!

Leave a Reply