It is difficult for modern people to adhere to a healthy lifestyle. Harmful food, frequent stress, and a sedentary lifestyle often lead to a set of extra pounds. Over time, they can develop into obesity. Being overweight entails many health problems. For example, shortness of breath, fatigue, and heart problems appear. Did you know that overweight is the main cause of diabetes? This disorder is incurable. In the case of proper treatment, it becomes chronic. Moreover, diabetes is not so terrible, but its complications can cause irreparable damage to health, and sometimes even lead to death. Excess glucose destroys blood vessels, which is why all vital systems suffer. Very often, patients have serious kidney problems or diabetic nephropathy. Today we will consider an effective drug used to treat this disease. It is called Capoten. Why is the drug so popular among doctors and patients? Below you will find the answer to this question.
Table of Contents
Indications for use
Over 400 million people suffer from diabetes. In addition, each of them runs the risk of getting a dangerous complication called diabetic nephropathy. The gradual destruction of the kidneys due to damage to blood vessels and small capillaries of organs characterize this disorder. Of course, a person cannot live without working kidneys. Therefore, diabetic nephropathy is a life-threatening disorder. The absence of noticeable symptoms at the beginning of the development of this complication only exacerbates the situation.
Capoten is a drug developed and manufactured by Bristol-Myers Squibb. Its long-term use shows a positive effect on the functioning of blood vessels and capillaries, preventing their destruction and contraction and also restoring them. First of all, doctors use it in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases. However, its ability to keep vessels healthy is also excellent for diabetics. By normalizing blood flow, Capoten stops the development of diabetic nephropathy, normalizing kidney function. Endocrinologists prescribe this drug for patients with diabetes of both 1 and 2 types. The medicine shows a good result in both cases. However, patients with type 1 are most prone to diabetic nephropathy, which is why they are the main consumers of Capoten.
The dosage form
Bristol-Myers Squibb launches Capoten in the form of biconvex square tablets with rounded white edges. Tablets are packed in plastic bottles in the amount of 100 to 1000 pcs. in each.
The composition of the drug
Captopril is the main active ingredient. Each tablet shell consists of auxiliary components such as microcrystalline cellulose, cornstarch, lactose, and stearic acid. All of these components are safe.
Capoten dosage and administration
Diabetic nephropathy is a complication that requires special attention. For the course of treatment to be as effective as possible, strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations. Self-medication is unacceptable. Take the drug orally with plenty of water. The best time to take Capoten is 1 hour before a meal. The daily dosage will depend on the development of complications and is determined by the attending physician based on studies. It varies from 75 mg to 100 mg, divided into 2-3 doses per day. Exceeding the recommended dosage is strictly prohibited, as there is a high probability of side effects.
Fat and calorie foods do not affect the effectiveness of the drug. However, drinking alcohol is not recommended. Alcohol promotes vasoconstriction, which is a highly undesirable factor in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.
What are the side effects?
Clinical studies have shown the absolute safety of Capoten for patients with diabetic nephropathy if they comply with all recommendations and have no contraindications. However, like any potent remedy, Captopril has side effects. Most often, endocrinologists note the following manifestations:
- Sleep disorder
- Violation of taste
- Dry mouth
- Abdominal pain
- Skin rash
In rare cases, side effects that are more dangerous may appear. If you experience these symptoms, you should immediately stop taking the medicine and tell your doctor about it. Based on the data collected, the doctor will be able to adjust your treatment.
Contraindications for use
Capoten is an effective medicine that helps maintain the health of your blood vessels and cure diabetic nephropathy. Unfortunately, it has some contraindications, in which its use is strictly prohibited. Here is some of them:
- Serious liver disease
- Aortic diseases
- Heart failure
- Quincke’s edema
- Immediately after kidney transplantation
- Hypersensitivity to Captopril
- Combined medication with aliskiren-containing drugs
- Age less than 18 years
We have listed far from all the contraindications in which the use of a Captopril can harm your health. Therefore, it is very important to inform your doctor about all the disorders. Only a specialist can determine the safety of using Capoten.
Pregnant and lactating women should be extremely careful. The use of the drug is prohibited during these periods of life. If a girl becomes pregnant, while taking Capoten, it is necessary to stop taking the medicine, since Captopril can adversely affect the development of the fetus.
Interaction with other drugs
Capoten actively interacts with certain groups of drugs. Co-administration of drugs is especially unfavorable for patients with diabetes, as it can cause an increase in blood glucose or affect the development of other complications. Therefore, report everything to your doctor. Only an experienced specialist will determine the safety of combined drug administration.
You should store Capoten in a dry and protected place at room temperature. Children and pets should not have access to the drug. Use the drug only before the expiration date. The use of expired Capoten is prohibited.