Diabetes is a disappointing diagnosis for millions of people from all over the world. The disease causes unpleasant complications, some of which can even cause the death of the patient. Unfortunately, today diabetes is an epidemic that is spreading over new territories. Mankind is putting great effort and money into the fight against the disease. Thus, various methods and medicines are created that help the patient. Today we’ll talk about one of these tools that returns a person to a full life. Its name is Actos.
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Why should I use Actos?
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, then your treatment includes a diabetic diet and light exercise. In most cases, they help lower blood glucose. However, some patients do not feel any improvement, and then medications for glucose regulation come to the rescue. Actos is an effective and popular sugar-lowering drug made by the American Eli Lilly Company. It is worth noting that this company was the first in the world to launch the production of insulin for the treatment of diabetes! The active substance of the Actos increases the sensitivity of liver cells to insulin, as a result, the organ reduces the amount of glucose released into the blood. This helps to significantly lower the level of sugar, which leads to the normalization of the patient’s condition. Actos has established itself as a safe and effective cure for type 2 diabetes. Endocrinologists prescribe it as monotherapy or in combination with other drugs. It is worth noting that the medicine is sold only by prescription.
The dosage form
Eli Lilly Company produces Actos in the form of tablets, which differ from each other depending on the volume of the active substance. Tablets with 15 mg of the active substance are convex. Other dosages (30 mg and 45 mg) are flat. All tablets are white. On the one hand, the word “Actos” is applied, and on the other, the volume of the active substance. The drug is sold either in cardboard packaging or a plastic bottle in the amount of 28-30 pieces.
The composition of the drug
An effective reduction in blood sugar is achieved thanks to the composition of Actos. Its active substance is Pioglitazone (in the form of hydrochloride). In addition to it, each tablet contains several auxiliary components. All ingredients are safe and do not cause serious complications in patients.
Dosage and administration
The patient should take Actos orally with water. It is necessary to choose a convenient time to use the medicine at the same hour every day. The drug is well absorbed by the body. Therefore, the patient can use it both with food and at any other time. However, Pioglitazone will enter the bloodstream most quickly on an empty stomach. Alcohol is contraindicated, as it can worsen the course of diabetes and increase the likelihood of liver complications.
The daily dosage depends on the degree of development of type 2 diabetes and the patient’s condition. Nevertheless, endocrinologists always begin treatment with a minimum dose of 15 mg per day. It is also characteristic of patients with cardiovascular diseases. In other cases, the standard volume of the Actos is 30-45 mg per day. It is not recommended to exceed the dosage of 45 mg, as side effects may occur. It is strictly forbidden to select or exceed the dosage yourself, as you can harm your health. Only the attending endocrinologist will be able to prescribe the correct course of treatment.
What are the contraindications?
Doctors prescribe Actos to patients with type 2 diabetes. The patient should adhere to a healthy diabetic diet and exercise to maximize its beneficial effects. Despite the safety of the components, the drug is contraindicated in the following situations:
- Gestational diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes
- Severe liver or heart failure
- Individual intolerance to the components of the Actos
- Children’s age (up to 18 years)
- The period of breastfeeding
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
Before you start using Actos, you should consult with an endocrinologist and talk about all your chronic diseases or pregnancy. The doctor will analyze the data and prescribe a safe drug for treatment.
Actos is popular among specialists as a treatment for type 2 diabetes. It is very effective and safe. However, clinical studies show that there is always a chance of side effects. They arise as a result of an overdose, concomitant diseases or individual intolerance to the ingredients. Most often, specialists record the following negative consequences of taking the drug:
- Gastrointestinal Disorders
- Weight gain
- Muscle pain
- Pharyngitis, sinusitis
- Sleep Disorders
Subject to all recommendations, the likelihood of side effects is small. However, if you begin to experience the first symptoms, then immediately stop taking the medicine and consult an endocrinologist for help. The specialist will reduce the daily dose or prescribe another drug that is suitable for you.
Interactions of Actos with other medicines
Experts have noted serious effects on oral contraceptives. Their simultaneous administration with Actos reduces the effectiveness of contraceptives by 25-30%. This is important to remember to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.
Storage terms and conditions
According to the instructions, you should store Actos in a dark and dry place, protected from children. In this case, the shelf life is 3 years. The use of expired tablets is strictly prohibited.